Communistische handleiding voor de urban millitant.

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Communistische handleiding voor de urban millitant.

Postby Führer » Fri Aug 24, 2018 6:08 am


Communistische handleiding voor de urban millitant.
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by Sergei Nechayev [and Mikhail Bakunin]
The Duties of the Revolutionist to Himself
1. The Revolutionist is a person doomed [consecrated]. He has no personal
interests, no business affairs, no emotions, no attachments, no property, and no
name. Everything in him is wholly absorbed in the single thought and the single
passion for Revolu
2. The Revolutionist knows that in the very depths of his being, not only in words
but also in deeds, he has broken all the bonds which tie him to the civil order and
the civilized world with all its laws, moralities, and customs, and with all its
generally accepted conventions. He is their implacable enemy, and if he continues
to live with them it is only in order to destroy them more speedily.
3. The Revolutionist despises all doctrines and refuses to accept the mundane
sciences, leaving them f
or future generations. He knows only one science: the
science of destruction. For this reason, but only for this reason, he will study
mechanics, physics, chemistry, and perhaps medicine. But all day and all night he
studies the vital science of human b
eings, their characteristics and circumstances,
at every possible level of social existence. The object is perpetually the same: the
surest and quickest way of destroying the whole filthy order.
4. The Revolutionist despises public opinion. He despises
and hates the existing
social morality in all its manifestations. For him, morality is everything which
contributes to the triumph of the Revolution.
Anything that stands in its way is immoral and criminal.
5. The Revolutionist is a person doomed [
consecrated]. He is merciless toward
the state and toward the whole formal social structure of educated society; and he
can expect no mercy from them. Between him and them there exists, declared or
concealed, a relentless and irreconcilable war to the dea
th. He must accustom
himself to torture.
6. Tyrannical toward himself, he must be tyrannical toward others. All the
gentle and enervating sentiments of kinship, love, friendship, gratitude, and even
honor, must be suppressed in him and give place to th
e cold and single
passion for Revolution. For him, there exists only one pleasure, on consolation,
one reward, one satisfaction
the success of the Revolution. Night and day he
must have but one thought, one aim
merciless destruction. Strivi
bloodedly and indefatigably toward this end, he must be prepared to destroy
himself and to destroy with his own hands everything that stands in the path of the
7. The nature of the true Revolutionist excludes all sentimentality, roman
infatuation, and exaltation. All private hatred and revenge must also be excluded.
Revolutionary passion, practiced at every moment of the day until it becomes a
habit, is to be employed with cold calculation. At all times, and in all places, th
Revolutionist must obey not his personal impulses, but only those which serve the
cause of the Revolution.
The Relations of the Revolutionist with his Revolutionary Comrades
8. The Revolutionist can have no friendship or attachment, except for those
have proved by their actions that they, like him, are dedicated to Revolution. The
degree of friendship, devotion and obligation toward such a comrade is determined
solely by the degree of his usefulness to the cause of total Revolutionary
9. It is superfluous to speak of solidarity among Revolutionists. The whole
strength of Revolutionary work lies in this. Comrade
Revolutionists who possess
the same Revolutionary passion and understanding should, as much as possible,
deliberate all i
mportant matters together and come to unanimous conclusions.
When the plan is finally decided upon, then the Revolutionist must rely solely on
himself. In carrying out acts of destruction, each one should act alone, never
running to another for advice an
d assistance, except when these are necessary for
the furtherance of the plan.
10. All comrades should have under them second
or third
degree Revolutionists
i.e., comrades who are not completely initiated. these should be regarded as
part of the common Revolutionary capital placed at his disposal. This capital
should, of cours
e, be spent as economically as possible in order to derive from it
the greatest possible profit. The real Revolutionist should regard himself as
capital consecrated to the triumph of the Revolution; however, he may not
personally and alone dispose of that
capital without the unanimous consent of the
fully initiated comrades.
11. When a comrade is in danger and the question arises whether he should be
saved or not saved, the decision must not be arrived at on the basis of sentiment,
but solely in the inte
rests of the Revolutionist cause. Therefore, it is necessary to
weigh carefully the usefulness of the comrade against the expenditure of
Revolutionary forces necessary to save him, and the decision must be made
The Relations of the Revoluti
onist within [his Revolutionary] Society
12. The new member, having given proof of his loyalty not by words but by
deeds, can be received into the Society only by the unanimous agreement of all the
13. The Revolutionist enters the world of the
state, of the privileged classes, of
the so
called civilization, and he lives in this world only for the purpose of
bringing about its speedy and total destruction. He is not a Revolutionist if he has
any sympathy for this world. He should not hesitate
to destroy any position, any
place, or any man in this world. He must hate everyone and everything in it with
an equal hatred.
All the worse for him if he has any relations with parents, friends, or lovers; he is
no longer a Revolutionist if he is swayed
by these relationships.
14. Aiming at implacable Revolution, the Revolutionist may and frequently must
live within society while pretending to be completely different from what he really
is, for he must penetrate everywhere, into all the higher and midd
level social
formations, into the merchant's commercial establishment, into the church, the
gentry estate, and the world of the bureaucrat and military, into literature, and also
into the Third Section and even the Winter Palace of the tsar.
15. This
filthy social order can be split up into several categories. The first
category comprises those who must be condemned to death without delay.
Comrades should compile a list of those to be condemned according to the relative
gravity of their crimes; and t
he executions should be carried out according to the
prepared order.
16. When a list of those who are condemned is made, and the order of execution
is prepared, no private sense of outrage should be considered, nor is it necessary to
pay attention to the
hatred provoked by these people among the comrades or the
Hatred and the sense of outrage may be partially and temporarily useful insofar as
they incite the masses to revolt. It is necessary to be guided only by the relative
usefulness of these
executions for the sake of Revolution. Above all, those who
are especially inimical to the Revolutionary organization must be destroyed; their
violent and sudden deaths will produce the utmost panic in the government,
depriving it of its will to action by
removing the cleverest and most energetic
17. The second group comprises those who will be spared for the time being in
order that, by a series of monstrous acts, they may drive the people into inevitable
18. The third category con
sists of a great many brutes in high positions,
distinguished neither by their cleverness nor their energy, while enjoying riches,
influence, power, and high positions by virtue of their rank. These must be
exploited in every possible way; they must be im
plicated and embroiled in our
affairs, their dirty secrets must be ferreted out, and they must be transformed into
slaves. Their power, influence, and connections, their wealth and their energy,
will form an inexhaustible treasure and a precious help in a
ll our undertakings.
19. The fourth category comprises ambitious office
holders and liberals of
various shades of opinion. The Revolutionist must pretend to collaborate with
them, blindly following them, while at the same time, prying out their secrets
they are completely in his power. They must be so compromised that there is no
way out for them, and then they can be used to create disorder in the State.
20. The fifth category consists of those doctrinaires, conspirators, and
Revolutionists who
cut a great figure on paper or in their circles.
They must be constantly driven on to make compromising declarations: as a result,
the majority of them will be destroyed, while a minority will become genuine
21. The sixth category is especially important: women. They can be divided into
three main groups.

First, those frivolous, thoughtless, and vapid women, whom we shall use as
we use the third and fourth category of men.
Second, women who are ardent,
capable, and devoted, but whom do not belong to
us because they have not yet achieved a passionless and austere Revolutionary
understanding; these must be used like the men of the fifth category.
Finally, there are the women who are completely on our side
i.e., those who are
wholly dedicated and who have accepted our program in its entirety. We should
regard these women as the most valuable or our treasures; without their help, we
would never succeed.
The Attitude of the Society toward the People
. The Society has no aim other than the complete liberation and happiness of
i.e., of the people who live by manual labor. Convinced that their
emancipation and the achievement of this happiness can only come about as a
result of an all
roying popular revolt, the Society will use all its resources and
energy toward increasing and intensifying the evils and miseries of the people until
at last their patience is exhausted and they are driven to a general uprising.
23. By a Revolution, the
Society does not mean an orderly revolt according to the
classic western model
a revolt which always stops short of attacking the rights of
property and the traditional social systems of so
called civilization and morality.
Until now, such a Revolutio
n has always limited itself to the overthrow of one
political form in order to replace it by another, thereby attempting to bring about a
called Revolutionary state. The only form of Revolution beneficial to the
people is one which destroys the entire
State to the roots and exterminates all the
state traditions, institutions, and classes in Russia.
24. With this end in view, the Society therefore refuses to impose any new
organization from above. Any future organization will doubtless work its way
rough the movement and life of the people; but this is a matter for future
generations to decide. Our task is terrible, total, universal, and merciless
25. Therefore, in drawing closer to the people, we must above all make common
cause with
those elements of the masses which, since the foundation of the state of
Muscovy, have never ceased to protest, not only in words but in deeds, against

everything directly or indirectly connected with the state: against nobility, against
bureaucracy, agai
nst priests, against the merchant gild, and against the parasitic
kulak. We must unite with the world of adventurous robber bands, the only
genuine Revolutionists in Russia.
26. To weld this world into one single unconquerable and all
destructive force
this is our organization, our conspiracy, our task
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